The fundamental law of Hungary*

Article A

The name of OUR COUNTRY is Hungary.

Article B

(1) Hungary shall be an independent, democratic State governed by the rule of law.

(2) The form of government of Hungary shall be a republic.

(3) The source of public power shall be the people.

(4) The power shall be exercised by the people through elected representatives or, in exceptional cases, directly.

Article C

(1) The functioning of the Hungarian State is based on the principle of division of powers.

(2) No one shall act with the aim of acquiring or exercising power by force, or of exclusively possessing it. Everyone shall have the right and obligation to resist such attempts in a lawful way.

(3) The State shall have the right to use coercion in order to enforce the Fundamental Law and legal regulations.

Article D

Bearing in mind that there is one single Hungarian nation that belongs together, Hungary shall bear responsibility for the fate of Hungarians living beyond its borders, shall facilitate the survival and development of their communities, shall support their efforts to preserve their Hungarian identity, the application of their individual and collective rights, the establishment of their community self-governments, and their prosperity in their native lands, and shall promote their cooperation with each other and with Hungary.

Article E

(1) In order to enhance the liberty, well-being and security of the people of Europe, Hungary shall contribute to the creation of European unity.

(2) With a view to participating in the European Union as a Member State and on the basis of an international treaty, Hungary may, to the extent necessary to exercise the rights and fulfil the obligations deriving from the Founding Treaties, exercise some of its competences set out in the Fundamental Law jointly with other Member States, through the institutions of the European Union.

(3) The law of the European Union may, within the framework set out in Paragraph (2), stipulate generally binding rules of conduct.

(4) The authorisation to recognise the binding nature of an international treaty referred to in Paragraph (2) shall require the votes of two-thirds of the Members of Parliament.

Article F

(1) The capital of Hungary is Budapest.

(2)The territory of Hungary consists of the capital, counties, cities and towns, as well as
villages. The capital, as well as the cities and towns may be divided into districts.

(1) The child of a Hungarian citizen shall be a Hungarian citizen by birth. A cardinal Act may specify other cases of the origin or acquisition of Hungarian citizenship.

(2) Hungary shall protect its citizens.

(3) No one shall be deprived of Hungarian citizenship established by birth or acquired in a lawful manner.

(4) The detailed rules for citizenship shall be laid down in a cardinal Act.

Article H

(1) In Hungary the official language is Hungarian.

(2) Hungary shall protect the Hungarian language.

(3) Hungary shall protect Hungarian Sign Language as a part of the Hungarian culture.

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