About the institution of the President of the Republic

Paragraph (1) of Article 9. of the Fundamental Law of Hungary sets forth the main mission of the President of the Republic: to embody the nation’s unity and safeguard the democratic operation of state organisation.

These two tasks - aimed at implementing fundamental values - provide guidance and background for exercising the rights stipulated in the Fundamental Law and in legislation.
Hereunder we enumerate the main tasks of the President of the Republic, as well as the decisions that stem from them.

Promulgation of laws
According to paragraph (3) of Article 6. of the Fundamental Law, the President of the Republic shall sign the Act adopted by the National Assembly within five days of receipt and order its publication. The text of the law is published in the Official Gazette.

Motion for ex-ante constitutional review
Based on paragraph (4) of Article 6. of the Fundamental Law, if the President of the Republic finds the Act or any constituent provision adopted by the National Assembly to be contrary to the Fundamental Law, he or she shall send the Act to the Constitutional Court to examine its conformity with the Fundamental Law.

The Constitutional Court shall decide on the motion as soon as possible but no later than thirty days from receipt. If the Constitutional Court finds any violation of the Fundamental Law, the National Assembly shall hold a new debate on the Act in order to eliminate such a violation.

If the Constitutional Court does not find any violation of the Fundamental Law during the review proposed by the President of the Republic, the President of the Republic shall sign the Act and order its publication forthwith.

Sending an Act back to the National Assembly for reconsideration
As per paragraph (5) of Article 6. of the Fundamental Law, if the President of the Republic disagrees with the Act or any constituent provision, he or she may return the Act once to the National Assembly for reconsideration along with his or her comments before signing. The National Assembly shall hold a new debate on the Act and decide on its adoption again.

The role played in constituting the new National Assembly and the Government
Following the general parliamentary elections, the President of the Republic plays a role in the forming of the National Assembly and the new Government. The President of the Republic shall convene the constituting session of the National Assembly within thirty days of the elections. He or she shall propose the person of the new Prime Minister to the National Assembly and will appoint the Ministers based on the recommendation of the Prime Minister.



Latest Video
Speech of President János Áder At United Nations' General assembly
25th September 2012
Speech of President János Áder
At United Nations' General assembly